Australia lies in the southern Hemisphere between Indian and Pacific Ocean. It is spread over eight million square kilometers. Most of its people, around 18 million, live in coastal cities and regional centers. 25 percent of its population is born overseas. Australia is an English speaking country.
Australia is best known for its harmonious multicultural societies in the world. It has people from various nations and ethnic groups of various sizes. International students experience a dynamic, multicultural and supportive environment in Australia. People over here are quite open and friendly .The healthy, safe and unspoiled environment clubbed with the excitement of cosmopolitan cities make Australia a happening place for students, youth and many tourists.
As compared to the Northern Hemisphere climate in Australia is exactly opposite; Summer is December to February, Autumn is March to May, Winter is June to August and Spring is September to November. In the mainland, the temperature hardly drops below zero and variations in season are not extreme. Climate is very tropical with heavy rain falls in the northern regions. In summers, light clothing is usually sufficient though a sweater or a light jacket can be worn in the evenings. In the winter months in Southern Australia warm clothes including overcoat or jacket are necessary.
Australia imparts quality education and training. More than one million students from overseas have studied in Australia in the last decade. The internationalization of Australian education and training has been occurring rapidly. Australian High Commission in New Delhi represents Australian Department of Education, Science & Training.
Australian institutions offer both undergraduate and postgraduate courses in sciences arts, health sciences, economics and agriculture, computing, engineering and business law. It has an internationally recognized university system which offers world class education and research opportunities
The number of international students in Australia is spread to about 250 thousands. India ranks among the top ten major source countries along with Korea, Indonesia, Malaysia, Japan, Hong Kong, Thailand, Singapore, Taiwan and the USA in terms of number of international students. The figure of 1100 students in 1994 has risen to 10,000 as on July 2004. As per available trends, this number is likely to cross the 40,000 mark by the end of 2007. Business studies are the most common courses followed by Science subject among Indian students. Australia has already become a major destination for Indian Students as compared to other countries in the recent years. Higher education (47%) and Vocational education (51%) are more popular with Indian students.
There is a semester system in most of the Australian Universities: February - June and July – November and the semester includes breaks as well. The majority of universities commence intakes in February and midyear intakes in July. There are both private and public funded universities which run on trimester basis with intakes in January, May and September.
Tuition fee is variable; it varies from course to course and among institutions. It can range from AUD $8000 to AUD $20,000.PA Depending upon the course of study. Unless an international student has some scholarships or exchange programs, one has to pay the full cost of their education.
Living expenses for single students ranges between A$6000 to A$12000 an year. This includes accommodation, clothing, food, transport and entertainment. Married students would need about A$3000 per year for an spouse and A$2000 for each child. The above figures are exclusive of air fares, course related costs like health insurance, costs of large non-essential items such as television, video or car.
Many Universities provide on campus accommodation which is generally known as halls of residence as well as dedicates departments there help with accommodation needs. The demand for on campus accommodation remains high; therefore an early exercise to their choice to the institution produces better chances of success. At a residential hall students usually have a room of their own but bathrooms, laundries and recreational facilities are shared. Most halls do provide meals and some offer kitchen facilities. Many students have rented apartments or a house on shared basis. Rents depend upon many factors like location, size and facilities provided.
International students must provide evidence of their English language proficiency to study. All international students must get a student visa to enter Australia. Pre-conditions for studying in Australia are:
1 ) Enrolment in full-time study in a course registered by the Government.
2 ) Comprehension of English appropriate for the purpose of course of study.
3 ) Genuine intention to undertake studies and abide by visa conditions.
4 ) Financial capacity to meet fees and living expenses.
5 ) Adequate arrangements in Australia for health insurance for the full duration of stay